Rare Earth Elements
key components for the green energy transition
Rare Earths are not so rare but are Critical Raw Materials !
Rare Earths belong to a group of 17 elements (Nd, Pr, Dy, La, Ce, etc…) and are considered as strategic materials...
In particular, Nd and Dy, which enter in the composition of magnets are listed as Critical Raw Materials for both technical and geopolitical reasons. Without any European production of rare earths, the EU Green energy transition mainly depends on China's dominance in mining and manufacturing.
Currently, in primary mines,
of waste and effluents are produced
to extract 1 ton
of Rare Earths.
Rare Earth mining has high environmental impact: soils and waters are contaminated with acids and radioactive effluents, local populations are exposed to a deteriorated environment.
Rare Earth Elements are key components for many applications
Despite, Rare Earth Elements are used in a large range of applications including lighting, glass & ceramics industries, the number one application is for permanent magnets.